The Education Database was created through a systematic review of national constitution, law and policy guarantees extended to public education. To construct the database, WORLD analysts reviewed:
All indicators reflect national-level constitutional, legislative, or policy guarantees. In countries where guarantees are set at the state or provincial level, the database captures information for the state or province with the lowest level of protection.
Countries structure their education systems in many different ways. When countries do not split their education systems according to primary, lower secondary and upper secondary, we assigned these categories based on the available information on levels of schooling to increase comparability across countries. Stages of schooling were established as follows:
Indicators on tuition-free and compulsory education include constitutional guarantees to tuition-free and compulsory. Additional, dedicated constitutional rights to education are assessed separately, using the methodology detailed below.
Constitutional Rights in Education
The WORLD Policy Analysis Center analyzed national constitutional text in force as of May 2017.
Why consider constitutions?
Governments establish human rights through national and sub-national legislation, targeted programs and policies, and national constitutions. Among these tools, constitutions fulfill several unique and important functions:
For details on the variables included in this category, please see WORLD global maps on Education.
For more information about WORLD’s approach to building globally comparative databases on policies affecting human health, development, well-being, and equity, please visit our Methodology page.